Georgia - the ancient country with more then25-century of history is a bridge, between Europe and Asia.
It is bordered by the Russian Federation, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and the Black Sea.
Georgia is a rather mountainous country, home to some of Europe’s highest mountain peaks.
It also presents a large mix of other landscapes and micro-climates, ranging from dry wine-growing valleys in the east, to lush Black Sea resorts in the west.
Georgia is known for cities with narrow side streets, mangled and twisted stairways, and majestic old churches, some of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The highest point in the nation is Mount Shkhara at a height of 5,201 m (17,064 ft) in the Greater Caucasus. The Kolkhida Lowland opens to the Black Sea in the west and the Kura River basin lies in the east. The Kura River is the nation's longest river with a length of 1,514 km (941 mi). Good soils occur in the river valley flood plains and in the foothills of the Kolkhida Lowland
The capital, Tbilisi, is known for the diverse architecture and maze-like, cobblestone streets of its old town. Tbilisi is one of the largest cities in the Caucasus as well as one of the largest in Eastern Europe, with a population of 1.2 million. Tbilisi accounts for over 25% of the national population. It is the industrial, cultural and social centre of Georgia. Spread over a 490.6 square kilometre area, Tbilisi is one of the few places on the planet where a synagogue and mosque are located next to each other. Despite an overwhelmingly orthodox Christian resident population, Tbilisi generously accommodates diverse cultures, religions and ethnicities.
Our Land Georgia
1. Georgia is strategically located in the Caucasus mountains and borders the Black Sea. It borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and Turkey.
2. The population of Georgia is about 4.6 million people, Georgia has a declining population growth rate.
3. The country of Georgia is nearly 84% Orthodox Christian. Christianity became the official religion in the fourth century.
4. The capital of Georgia is T'bilisi. Georgia is has a unicameral parliament (there is only one house of parliament).
5. The leader of Georgia is President George Margvelashvili. He is a president since 2013.
6. Georgia attained independence from the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991.
Prior to that, it was called the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.
7. The breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the north have long been outside ofthe control of the Georgian government. They have their own de-facto governments, are supported by Russia, and Russian troops are stationed there.
8. A mere 1.5% of the Georgian population are ethnic Russians. Major ethnic groups in Georgia include Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5% (from Azerbaijan), and Armenian 5.7%.
9. Georgia, with its pro-western view and developing economy, hopes to join both NATO and the European Union.
10. Georgia has a pleasant Mediterranean-type climate due to its latitudinal location along the Black Sea.
Facts About Georgia
Population (2014 est.): 4,935,880 (growth rate: –.11%); birth rate: 12.93/1000; infant mortality rate: 16.68/1000; life expectancy: 75.72
Capital and largest city (2014 est.): Tbilisi, 1.15 million
Other large cities: Kutaisi, 268,800; Batumi, 145,400; and Sokhumi, 110,300
Currency: Lari (GEL)
Country Calling Code: +995
Language: Georgian (official), Literacy: 99%